The article addresses Australia's recent response to the needs and protection of victims of human trafficking who have been brought to the country for the purpose of sexual slavery or other types of enslavement. The article defines the process by which women and children are trafficked into Australia and critically analyses Australia's legal obligation under international law by reviewing the recent amendments to the
Migration Act 1958 (Cth). The article emphasises victims of trafficking and their right to protection through the Convention to the Relation of Refugees, and how this can be used as an alternative instrument for protection. The article highlights the difficulties in defining victims of trafficking under legislation for the purpose of protection and states that by having a broadened definition under the term refugee, we will see more effective strategies for protection for this particular vulnerable group of people.