Department of Justice is now the Department of Communities and Justice.  Find out more >

Gender and the victim's experience with the criminal justice system

Author(s) Felson, Richard B. and Paul-Philippe Pare
Title Gender and the victim's experience with the criminal justice system
Source Social Science Research,March 2008, Volume 37, Issue. 1, pp202-219
Date 2008
Document type Journal article
Summary In this article the authors examine whether victims' satisfaction with the handling of their case by the police and the courts depends on gender, their relationship to the offender, and the type of crime. The study is based on data from the National Violence Against Women (and Men) Survey, collected in 1994-1996 from a sample of 8000 women and 8005 men. The results showed that approximately one third of the victims were either dissatisfied or very dissatisfied with the way police handled their case and about one third were dissatisfied or very dissatisfied with how they were treated by the courts. The most common complaint, from 12.8% of respondents, about the police was that they were too lenient. The results did not support the hypothesis that female victims were more dissatisfied with the police than male victims. Victims were more likely to be satisfied when the police referred them to social services and older victims were more satisfied with police handling their case than younger victims. The results also showed that victims of sexual assault were more likely than victims of physical assault to be dissatisfied with both the police and the courts.
Keywords Gender; victim satisfaction; criminal justice system; domestic violence

Victims needs; Criminal Justice System