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Reconceptualizing victimization and victimization responses



Author(s)Zaykowski, Heather
Title Reconceptualizing victimization and victimization responses
Source Crime & Delinquency,published online 18 February 2011, pp1-26
Date 2011
Document type Journal article
Coverage England & Wales
Summary This study examines how victim identity influences police awareness of victimisation. Data was obtained from the Offending Crime and Justice Survey (2003-2006), a longitudinal survey that explores the scope of offending and victimisation among young people in England and Wales. It was found that victims who never offended were more likely to see incidents as crimes than offenders. Supporting previous research, it was found that victim injury, older offenders, multiple offenders and community level crime increased the likelihood of police awareness. The author discusses the overlap between victims and offenders, particularly among young people and how this can influence police knowledge of victimisation. An important finding was that parental knowledge was a significant predictor of police awareness of victimisation, suggesting that reporting to police may occur indirectly through parents rather than the victims themselves. On the other hand, friends' knowledge about incidents reduced police awareness. The author concludes that offenders are at greater risk to become victims but are also more vulnerable because they are less likely to report to the police or viewed by police as legitimate victims.
Keywords Victimization; crime reporting; juveniles
Topic Victimisation