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Empowering victims of domestic violence in developing countries: the role of education and empowerment


Author(s) Laxminarayan, Malini, Jens Henrichs and Antony Pemberton
Title Empowering victims of domestic violence in developing countries: the role of education and employment
Source International Perspectives in Victimology, Oct 2012, Vol. 7, Issue 1, pp 5-13
Date 2012
Document type Journal article
Summary This study explored the association between empowerment and reporting rates of victims of domestic violence, in both developing and developed countries. Data was obtained from the International Crime Victims Survey which measures the rates of self-reported victimisation in over 70 countries. The first sub-sample included victims from 18 developing countries, including Mozambique, Cambodia, Columbia and Turkey, and victims from 15 developed countries, including Norway, Australia, Canada, and Japan. Education was measured in the number of years of formal school and any higher education received and employment status was measured with respondents categorised as employed only if they were currently working. Results were mixed, and it was found, for example, that in developing countries employment was related to reporting whilst this relationship was not found in developed countries. The effect of employment on reporting was also found to be dependent on a country's level of development. In both developing and developed countries, education was not found to have a significant role in reporting behaviour but it is suggested that further research is needed in the quality of education, rather than the number of years of schooling.
Keywords Domestic violence; reporting behaviour; International Crime Victims Survey; education; employment.

Domestic violence