Dimensions of functional social support and depressive symptoms: a longitudinal investigation of women seeking help for intimate partner violence

 

Author(s) Suvak, Michael K., Casey T. Taft, Lisa A. Goodman and Mary Ann Dutton
Title Dimensions of functional social support and depressive symp​toms: a longitudinal investigation of women seeking help for intimate partner violence
Source Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology,2013, Vol 81, No. 3, pp 455-466
Date 2013
Document type Journal article
Coverage USA
Summary This study examines longitudinal associations between social support and depressive symptoms in a large sample of women applying for help for IPV and evaluated on 10 occasions over a 4-5 year period. The measures used in the study were for IPV victimisation, depressive symptoms and four subscales of social support, namely material aid, appraisal, self-esteem support and belonging. It was found that the initial level of IPV victimisation did not impact how social support affected change over time in depressive symptoms. However the main finding of this study was that belonging or the perceived availability of people one can do things with, was the only dimension of social support that predicted changes in depressive symptoms during the four to five years following attempts to obtain help for IPV. A recommendation from the study is that service providers conducting interventions should consider ways to get survivors connected to informal social networks.
Keywords Intimate partner violence; IPV; depressive symptoms; social support; longitudinal study
Topic Domestic violence