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Does violence affect one gender more than the other? The mental health impact of violence among male and female university students

 
Author(s) Romito, Patrizia, and Michele Grassi
Title Does violence affect one gender more than the other? The mental health impact of violence among male and female university students
Source Social Science & Medicine,2007, Vol 65, No. 6, pp 1222-1234
Date 2007
Document type Journal article
Coverage Italy
Summary This study explores the impact of violence and whether there were gender differences in the prevalence of negative mental health outcomes in male and female victims. 502 university students in Italy participated in the study and of these 64% were female. The students were assessed through questionnaires for mental health outcomes, including symptoms of depression, panic attacks, eating problems and heavy alcohol use. The students were asked about five types of violence: direct family violence, witnessing family violence, intimate partner violence, sexual violence and violence by peers at school. For victims of sexual violence, women had the greater health impacts and showed higher risk for panic attacks, alcohol abuse, eating problems and suicide attempts/ideation while male victims showed fewer health outcomes, notably panic attacks and alcohol abuse. The authors suggest the results demonstrate that women report more health problems because they have endured more or more severe violence rather than because women are more fragile.
Keywords Intimate partner violence; family violence; violence; gender differences
Topic

Domestic violence; victimisation