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Intimate partner violence, PTSD, and adverse heath outcomes


Author(s) Dutton, Mary Ann, Bonnie L. Green, Stacey I. Kaltman, Darren M. Roesch, Thomas A Zeffiro and Elizabeth D. Krause
Title Intimate partner violence, PTSD, and adverse health outcomes
Source Journal of Interpersonal Violence,2006, Vol 21, No. 7, pp 955-968
Date 2006
Document type Journal article
Summary This article reviews the literature regarding the health and mental health effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) and explores further the research issue of pathways that lead to adverse health outcomes. A number of research studies have concluded that women who experience IPV are more likely to experience higher rates of health problems than other women. Injury, and in particular head injury, are well recognised consequences of IPV. Victims of IPV are found to be 3 to 5 times more likely to suffer from PTSD and depression. The authors consider using an integrated, interdisciplinary, bio-behavioural approach to study the multiple pathways that lead to adverse health outcomes. For example, PTSD can alter psychological functioning, and depression is frequently found to be comorbid with PTSD. Biological alterations associated with the stress response and PTSD can, for example, lead to increase in blood pressure or immunological disorders, The authors recommend using new technologies and collaborative efforts between disciplines to further research the pathways between IPV, PTSD and adverse health reactions
Keywords Intimate partner violence; PTSD; health outcomes
Topic Domestic violence