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Gender differences in intimate partner violence outcomes


Author(s) Caldwell, Jennifer E., Suzanne C. Swan and V. Diane Woodbrown
Title Gender differences in intimate partner violence outcomes
Source Psychology of Violence,2012, Vol 2, No. 1, pp 42-57
Date 2012
Document type Journal article
Summary This article examines gender differences and similarities in outcomes of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the literature. It was found that both women and men experience negative effects of IPV, but women are more likely than men to experience these effects. Both women and men receive injuries as a result of IPV, but women are more likely to be injured, including non-severe and severe injuries, than men. A few gender studies have found that both genders may experience poor health and most studies find women experiencing PTSD at higher rates than men. The authors propose a conceptual model including contextual factors of power, physical strength and cultural right to power. Within the model, pathways between the effects of IPV, such as fear; poor health, PTSD, and substance abuse, are then explored according to gender. Implications for future research and service delivery are discussed
Keywords Intimate partner violence; gender symmetry; PTSD; health outcomes; power; feminist theory
Topic Domestic violence