​The victim-offender overlap, intimate partner violence, and sex: assessing differences among victims, offenders, and victim-offenders

Author(s) Muftic, Lisa R., Mary A. Finn and Erin A. Marsh
Title The victim-offender overlap, intimate partner violence, and sex: Assessing differences among victims, offenders, and victim-offenders
Source Crime & Delinquency; Sep 2015, Vol. 61, No. 7; p 899-926
Date 2015
Document type Journal article
Summary The main aim of this study was to determine if gender differences exist in an individual's IPV involvement as victims, offenders and victim-offenders. Data for the study was obtained from officially recorded domestic violence complaints to police in North Carolina. The data set used contained 1782 individuals who were involved in 891 DV incidents in 2003 and subsequent contacts with the justice system as victim or offender up until 2005. The overlap between IPV offending and victimisation was analysed and it was found, for example, that there were 340 victim-offenders (27.1%) who were identified as either a perpetrator or as a victim in the original incident and then switched their role in a subsequent incident in the reporting period. Another finding was that the majority of victim-offenders, both male and female, had contact with the police prior to the original IPV incident, suggesting the influence of risky lifestyles. Implications for IPV policy are discussed, including the restrictions accessing services that may be placed on victims who were previously offenders and suggest lifting blanket restrictions.
Keywords IPV: intimate partner violence; domestic violence; victim-offender; gender
Topic Domestic violence