​Intimate partner violence and the rural-urban-suburban divide: myth or reality? A critical review of the literature

Author(s) Edwards, Katie M.
Title Intimate partner violence and the rural-urban-suburban divide: myth or reality? A critical review of the literature
Source Trauma, Violence & Abuse; published online before print December 2014; p1-15
Date 2014
Document type Journal article
Summary This article provides a review of studies that have compared intimate partner violence (IPV) in rural localities with IPV in urban and/or suburban localities. Sixty-three studies published between 1982 and 2013 were included in the review. It was found that the rates of IPV were similar across all locales although some types of IPV, such as sexual IPV, could be higher in rural areas. It was also found that higher levels of chronic and severe IPV in rural areas could be attributed to higher rates of substance abuse and unemployment in rural areas. Another significant difference was poorer health outcomes for victims of IPV in rural areas which was found to be due to lack of services and difficulties accessing services. Implications for future research and policy and practice development are discussed.
Keywords Domestic violence; criminal justice system; reporting police; intimate partner abuse; intimate partner violence.
Topic Domestic violence