​Profiles of distress in sheltered battered women: implications for intervention

Author(s) Hughes, Honore M., Claudine Cangiano, and Elizabeth K. Hopper
Title Profiles of distress in sheltered battered women: implications for intervention
Source Violence and Victims, 2011, Vol. 26, No. 4, p445-460
Date 2011
Document type Journal article
Coverage USA
Summary In this study, cluster analysis was used to examine the differential patterns of distress and adjustment among battered women. Two data samples were used in the study, consisting of one group of 145 women from a rural shelter who were primarily Anglo-American and a second group of 107 primarily African-American women from an urban shelter. Overall the women reported themselves as somewhat distressed but there were different patterns of distress among the women, with increasing levels of severity. In both samples four clusters emerged: Minimal Distress; Severe Distress; Somewhat Depressed/Anxious; and Moderately High Depression and Anxiety. A number of implications for clinicians and shelter workers are discussed, including the suggestion of using a screening instrument with a small number of items to quickly identify women with depressive and anxious symptoms when they arrive at a shelter. Additional services beyond those usually provided by a shelter may be needed for women reporting moderate to severe levels of depression and anxiety. It is suggested that women belonging to the fourth cluster, Severe Distress, would need interventions for depression PTSD or both.
Keywords Domestic violence; battered women; shelters; interventions; depression; anxiety; psychological adjustment
Topic Domestic violence