​Domestic violence courts: a multisite test of whether and how they change offender outcomes

Author(s) Cissner, Amanda B., Melissa Labriola and Michael Rempel
Title Domestic violence courts: a multisite test of whether and how they change offender outcomes
Source Violence Against Women; published online before print June 2015; p1-21
Date 2015
Document type Journal article
JurisdictionNew York State, USA
Summary In this study the authors conducted a study of 24 New York State criminal domestic violence courts (DVC), evaluating criminal justice outcomes including re-arrest, conviction rates, final sentences, and other aspects of case processing. In addition the authors explored how and why some DVCs have different effects than others, taking into consideration demographics, policies, practices and priorities. The results indicated a small positive impact of the DVC on recidivism among convicted offenders. Among all offenders no overall impact of the DVC was found on sentencing, however the DVCs significantly increased conviction rates among male defendants and significantly increased the use of custodial sentences among convicted male defendants. It was also found that policies with the aim of increasing victim safety and reducing offender re-offending were more important in reducing re-arrest than policies targeting court structure.
Keywords Domestic violence courts; recidivism; intimate partner violence; criminal justice system
Topic Domestic violence