​A comparison of the structural factors of the propensity for abusiveness scale for women and men in a domestic violence treatment program

Author(s) Allen, Christopher T., Suzanne C. Swan, Carl D. Maas and Sara Barber
Title A comparison of the structural factors of the propensity for abusiveness scale for women and men in a domestic violence treatment program
Source Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Vol. 39, No. 13, p2326-2343
Date 2015
Document type Journal article
Coverage South Carolina, USA
Summary The objective of this study was to assess the factor structure and the measurement properties of the Propensity for Abusiveness Scale (PAS) for males and females. Participants in the study had been arrested in South Carolina for the perpetration of domestic violence and were enrolled in a Batterer Intervention Program. There were 647 female participants and 238 male participants in the study and they completed the PAS during an orientation session. The PAS consists of 29 self-reported items divided into three subscales. The first section measures AL, for example, "I can make myself angry just by thinking about it". The second section, RNPT items, measures the respondent's exposure to harsh parenting and the third section assesses TS, for example, insomnia, nightmare. The results of the study demonstrated equivalence by gender in the factor structure, items, and reliability of the measure. The authors further discuss the notion that IPV behaviours differ by gender, such as men perpetrating sexual abuse more frequently than women and women more frequently injured during domestic violence incidents, although women and men perpetrate equivalent levels of physical and psychological aggression. In relation to this study the authors suggest that the factors underlying men's and women's IPV behaviours as measured by the PAS are similarly important predictors of partner violence for women and men.
Keywords Domestic violence; IPV; women offenders; batterer programs; PAS
Topic Domestic violence