Disability and victimization in a national sample of children and youth 

 

Author(s) Turner, Heather A., Jennifer Vanderminden, David Finkelhor, Sherry Hamby and Anne Shattuck
Title Disability and victimization in a national sample of children and youth
Source Child Maltreatment,2011, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp 275-286
Date 2011
Document type Journal article
Coverage USA
Summary This study examines the associations between several different types of disability and past year exposure to peer assault, bullying, sexual victimisation, child maltreatment and property crime. Interviews were conducted with parents of young children and directly with adolescents with questions regarding disability diagnosis, demographics, parent psychological disorder, and included the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. It was found that children with physical disabilities were more likely than children without physical disabilities to experience maltreatment, sexual victimisation and property crime, but they did not experience elevated levels of peer victimisation. Children with ADD/ADHD reported higher rates of peer victimisation, maltreatment and property crime but nor higher rates of sexual victimisation. The study demonstrates the importance of examining the effects of individual forms of disability on child victimisation rather than combining multiple types into a single measure. An important finding was that emotional and behavioural disabilities were more likely to be associated with victimisation, suggesting that disability-related problems affecting social skills for example, create a high risk for victimisation.
Keywords Child victimisation; disability; physical disability; ADD/ADHD; developmental disorders; psychological disorders
Topic Disability