Offender and state compensation for victims of crime: two decades of development and change                


Author(s)Miers, David
Title Offender and state compensation for victims of crime: two decades of development and change
Source International Review of Victimology, published online 10 November 2013, pp 1-25
Date 2013
Document type Journal article
Summary This article provides an overview of developments in offender and state compensation over the past two decades. The author reviews the justification for state compensation schemes that are commonly stated, how they are constructed, and how compensation is delivered, including limits on eligibility of victims. The notion of the blameless victim is discussed and it is noted that the British compensation scheme distinguishes between deserving, blameless victims and the undeserving victims who have been offenders. There is a wide variation between compensation schemes in different jurisdictions in regard to the particular losses and injuries that will be compensated, the methods of assessment and the level of awards. The recent cuts to tariff amounts payable for injury in Great Britain and a number of the Australian and Canadian schemes are also discussed. The literature is found to be uncertain about the impact of compensation on victims, with some studies suggesting the impact is slight, another concluding that victims are satisfied with their compensation and another study for example, indicating that victim satisfaction was dependent on the quality of the process rather than the amounts of compensation received.
Keywords Compensation; justification; satisfaction; tariffs; offender compensation; state compensation; victims