The effect of retributive and restorative sentencing on psychological effects of criminal proceedings                

 

 

Author(s)Laxminarayan, Malini
Title The effect of retributive and restorative sentencing on psychological effects of criminal proceedings
Source Journal of Interpersonal Violence, March 2013, Vol 28, No 5, pp938-955
Date 2013
Document type Journal article
Coverage The Netherlands
Summary This study investigates different legal outcomes and how they may impact perceptions of the psychological well-being of victims. Three sentencing options were examined: incarceration, compensation by the offender and community service, in addition to compensation by the State and acquittal. The sample for the study consisted of 101 victims who had suffered serious victimisation such as burglary, robbery, assault, domestic violence and sexual assault. It was found that incarceration, community service, compensation from the offender, and compensation from the state were positively associated with psychological effects while an acquittal had negative effects. However, only compensation from the offender indicated a significant relationship and satisfaction with the procedure was a significant predictor of psychological effects. The results suggest that there is an intrinsic difference between state and offender compensation, each providing symbolically different messages to the victim
Keywords Psychological effects; sentencing; retribution; compensation; restoration
Topic

Compensation