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Punishing the perpetrator decreases compensation for victims

Author(s) Adams, Gabrielle S. & Elizabeth Mullen
Title Punishing the perpetrator decreases compensation for victims
Source Social Psychological and Personality Science, Jan 2015, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 31-38
Date 2015
Document type Journal article
Summary The article aims to address whether or not individuals feel an increased sense of justice knowing a perpetrator has been punished and if this knowledge reduces the likelihood of third party individuals/companies' willingness to provide victims with compensation. The article consists of three different studies: Study 1 discusses intentional injury, Study 2 and Study 3 discusses armed robbery. In the three separate studies participants were given a scenario about the crime type and then were randomly assigned to answer questions in relation to punishment and compensation. The three way study was designed to provide an insight into why victims do not always necessarily receive the help they need and the role punishment plays in this. The results indicated that compensation seems to need the punishment to fully meet the goals of restoring justice whereas punishment appears to facilitate forgiveness. It is suggested that justice is needed to be restored through the eyes of the victim and observers as it is evident that victims become less likely to receive compensation when third parties push for punishment as their priority.  
Keywords Justice; ethics/morality; helping/prosocial behaviour; morality; social justice; conflict resolution; compensation
Topic Compensation