The study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of Western style sexual abuse prevention education within Chinese preschools in order to examine whether Chinese pre-schoolers would benefit from the behaviour oriented prevention program. The study consisted of 150 preschool children who were randomly assigned to either an intervention group or a control group. Once the program had been rolled out, all children were tested on sexual abuse prevention knowledge and self-protection skills. The results showed that the children who were assigned to the child sexual prevention education program displayed greater knowledge about sexual abuse prevention and had a higher level of self-protection skills than children who were in the control group. It was therefore suggested that Chinese preschool programs could benefit from adopting a Western styled approach to sexual abuse prevention programs.