​Examining gender differences in the nature and context of intimate partner violence

AuthorCho, Hyunkag
Title Examining gender differences in the nature and context of intimate partner violence
Source Journal of Interpersonal Violence, Sep 2012, Vol 27, No. 13, pp 2665-2684
Date 2012
Document type Journal article
SummaryThis study examines gender differences in Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics. Data was obtained from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys which involved 20,013 face to face interviews from adults in the United States between 2001 and 2003. Using an adapted subscale of the CTS respondents were asked how often they had perpetrated IPV on their partner/spouse over the course of their relationship. It was found that IPV rates in this study were high for both men and women, compared to previous national surveys and this was possibly due to different measurements employed. In this study women perpetrated IPV more frequently than men, and women were found to perpetrate severe IPV as much as men did. The results also showed that women reported that they had initiated physical arguments more than men, regardless of the severity of IPV. The findings from the study suggest that controlling behaviours of the partner increased the risk for IPV to both men and women and of the perpetrators women reported higher levels of controlling behaviour by their partners than men did , although the difference was not strong and it was recognised that the controlling behaviour questions were limited. Further research in gender differences in IPV is recommended to overcome the methodological difficulties encountered in the study.
Keywords Domestic violence; IPV; controlling behaviours; gender symmetry
Topic Male victims; domestic violence