​Are immigrants more likely than native-born Americans to perpetrate intimate partner violence?

Author(s) Vaughn, Michael G., Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Shannon Cooper-Sadlo, Brandy R. Maynard, and Matthew Larson
Title Are immigrants more likely than native-born Americans to perpetrate intimate partner violence?
Source Journal of Interpersonal Violence; 2015, Vol. 30, No. 11, p 1888-1904
Date 2015
Document type Journal article
CoverageUSA
Summary This study addressed three research questions: whether immigrants are more or less likely to perpetrate intimate partner violence (IPV) compared to native-born Americans; the prevalence of IPV in each of the  major world regions driving the results; and the mental health and substance abuse characteristics of immigrants who perpetrate IPV. Data for the study was obtained from the structured face-to-face psychiatric interviews that formed Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, 2004-2005. Measures in this survey included immigrant status, IPV, lifetime victimisation, mental health and substance abuse and socio-demographic controls. It was found that after controlling for socio-demographic, mental health, substance use and family history of antisocial behaviour, immigrants were significantly more likely to have abused their spouse or partner than native-born Americans. The highest prevalence of IPV was identified among immigrants from Latin America, with 8.99% of all Latin American immigrants reporting that they perpetrated one or more forms of IPV in the previous 12 months. A number of limitations in the study are recognised by the authors including the data being cross-sectional and the causal mechanisms that were associated with IPV perpetration among immigrants were unable to be determined.
Keywords Immigrant; intimate partner violence; IPV; ethnicity; domestic violence
Topic Multicultural