​Vulnerable witnesses

The competency of  children  to testify: psychological research informing Canadian law reform
Bala, Nicholas; Lee, Kang; Lindsay, R.C.L.; Talwar, Victoria; International Journal of Children's Rights, Jan 2010, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p53-77; Journal article; Keywords: Children, family violence, witness, court

Balancing fairness to victims, society and defendants in the cross-examination of vulnerable witnesses: an impossible triangulation?
Bowden, Phoebe, Terese Henning, and David Plater; Melbourne University Law Review; 2014; Vol.37, p539-584; Keywords: Vulnerable witness; cross examination; intermediaries; children

Vulnerable and intimidated witnesses and the adversarial process in England and Wales
Burton, Mandy, Roger Evans and Andrew Sanders; The International Journal of Evidence & Proof; February 2007; Volume 11; p 1-23; Journal article; Keywords: Criminal justice system; vulnerable witnesses; special measures

What responsibility do courts have to hear children’s voices? 
Cashmore, Judy and Patrick Parkinson; International Journal of Children’s Rights , Jan 2007, Vol 15, pp43-60. Journal article; Keywords: Children; court; sexual assault; criminal justice system; participation.

Child witness support and preparation: are parents/caregivers ignored?
Crawford, Emma and Ray Bull; Child Abuse Review; July/August 2006; Vol. 15; Issue 4; p 243-256; Journal article; Keywords: Court support; child witnesses; vulnerable; testimony; coaching; preparation.

Victims' rights in criminal trials: prospects for participation
Doak, Jonathan; Journal of Law and Society, 2005, vol 32, (2), pp 294-316; Journal article; Keywords: Role; participation; victims rights; criminal trials; criminal justice system

Giving the vulnerable a voice in the criminal justice system: the use of intermediaries with individuals with intellectual disability
Hepner, Ilana, Mary N. Woodward and Jeanette Stewart; Psychiatry, Psychology and Law; 2015; Vol.22, Issue p539-584; Journal article; Keywords: Vulnerable witness; cross examination; intermediaries; intellectual disability; special measures; communication

Facilitating testimony for child victims and witnesses 
Northcott, Melissa; Crime Research Digest issue No.2, 2009, Department of Justice, Canada; Research report; Keywords: Child victims; youth; witnesses.

Stakeholders’ perceptions of the benefit of introducing an Australian intermediary system for vulnerable witnesses
Powell, Martine B., Phoebe Bowden, and Michelle Mattison; Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology, December 2015, Vol. 48, No. 4, pp. 498-512; Journal article; Keywords: Vulnerable witnesses; intermediaries; evidence; special measures

Child complainants and the court process in Australia
Richards, Kelly; Australian Institute of Criminology - Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no. 380 , 2009, Canberra; Research report; Keywords: Child complainants; criminal justice system; evidence; witnesses; sexual assault

Consequences of criminal court involvement for child victims 
Quas, Jodi A., and Gail S. Goodman; Psychology, Public Policy and Law, 2012, Volume 18, No. 3, pp392-414; Journal article; Keywords: Child victims; criminal court; testimony; mental health; legal attitudes.

Use of alternative ways of giving evidence by vulnerable witnesses: Current proposals, issues and challenges
Tinsley, Yvette and Elisabeth McDonald; Victoria University of Wellington Law Review; December 2011; Volume 42; Issue 4; p 96-119; Journal article; Keywords: Criminal justice system; specialist courts; jury; judge-only; lay participation; New Zealand