Procedural justice and psychological effects of criminal proceedings: the moderating effect of offense type

 

Author(s)Laxminarayan, Malini
Title Procedural justice and psychological effects of criminal proceedings: the moderating effect of offense type
Source Social Justice Research,Dec 2012, Vol 25, Issue 4, pp 390-405
Date 2012
Document type Journal article
Coverage NSW Australia and the Netherlands
Summary This study investigates the differences with regard to procedural justice for both sexual assault victims and non-sexual assault victims and examines whether the type of offense moderates the extent to which procedural justice is associated with psychological effects of criminal proceedings. The sample for the study included 126 victims from the Netherlands and 64 victims from New South Wales who completed a survey. It was found that procedural justice, in terms of voice, accuracy and police treatment, was significantly associated with psychological effects of criminal proceedings and that perceptions of outcome favourability was important. For victims of sexual assault procedural justice was more strongly associated with the outcome variable. It was suggested that providing victims of sexual assault with mechanisms to voice themselves would be helpful in their recovery. Recommendations for further research are made, including research investigating how the negative effects of sexual assault influence psychological well-being.
Keywords Procedural justice; victims sexual assault; secondary victimisation; psychological effects
Topic Criminal justice system