Rarely an isolated incident: Acknowledging the interrelatedness of child maltreatment, victimisation and trauma                

 

 

Author(s)Price-Robertson, Rhys, Penelope Rush, Liz Wall and Daryl Higgins
Title Rarely an isolated incident: Acknowledging the interrelatedness of child maltreatment, victimisation and trauma
Source Child Family Community Australia,2013, Paper 15, p1-24
Date 2013
Document type Research report
Coverage Australia
URL
Summary In this paper two main frameworks, multi-type maltreatment and polyvictimisation, are used to explore and measure the interrelatedness of childhood victimisation experiences. The Comprehensive Child Maltreatment Scale measures five forms of child maltreatment: sexual abuse; physical abuse; psychological maltreatment; neglect; and witnessing family violence.  Multi-type victimisation is indicated when participants report the experience of at least two forms of child maltreatment. Polyvictimisation is defined as having four or more experiences of multiple victimisations in a 12 month period of different kinds of victimisations, such as sexual abuse, physical abuse, bullying and exposure to family violence. The authors discuss two models used to explain the complexity of traumatic outcomes of survivors: complex trauma and cumulative harm. Survivors of multiple maltreatment are more likely to experience complex trauma. The authors recommend that practice and policy responses to children who experience single maltreatment events should be different to those children who experience multiple maltreatment events.
Keywords Child maltreatment; child victimisation; polyvictimisation; multi-type victimisation; complex trauma; cumulative harm
Topic

Revictimisation; children