Violence in context: a multilevel analysis of victim injury in robbery incidents

 

Author(s)Tillyer, Marie Skubak and Rob Tillyer
Title Violence in context: a multilevel analysis of victim injury in robbery incidents
Source Justice Quarterly,2012; Published online 9 July 2012; pp1-25
Date 2012
Document type Journal article
Coverage USA
Summary In this study the authors explore the relationships between location and time and the likelihood of victim injury during robberies. Data extracted from the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS) and city-level Census resulted in 42,887 robbery incidents across 189 cities which were then analysed to test the authors-hypotheses. The location of the incident was dichotomised to reflect semi-public locations such as banks and bars, fully public locations, such as streets and fields and private locations, such as homes. It was found that location and time of day were significantly associated with the likelihood of victim injury during a robbery. Robberies occurring in semi-public places were less likely to result in an injury and robberies that too place in the daytime were also found to be associated with a lower risk of victim injury. Theoretical implications arising from the results are discussed such as situational factors that may create crime opportunities and the influence on the likelihood of victim injury
Keywords Victimisation; robbery; violence; injury
Topic

Non-violent crime