Predictors of acute stress disorder in response to bank robbery 

Author(s)Hansen, Maj and Ask Elklit
Title Predictors of acute stress disorder in response to bank robbery
Source European Journal of Psychotraumatology,2011, Vol. 2,   pp 1-9
Date 2011
Document type Journal article
Coverage Denmark
Summary This study examines acute stress disorder (ASD) in bank employees in Denmark, following a bank robbery. Participants in the study were recruited through crime intervention service providers contracted to banks. Approximately half of the participants had received psychological debriefing immediately after the robbery. The questionnaire included questions about demographic factors and contact with psychologists, Prior traumatic exposure was assessed with questions relating to 14 different types of traumas. The Acute Stress Disorder Scale was used to assess ASD severity and perceived social support after the robbery was assessed using the Crisis Support Scale. It was estimated that 14.5% of the participants experienced ASD, which was lower than had been found in studies of other forms of assault. It was also found that only prior trauma exposure and major life changes were significantly and positively associated with ASD severity whereas age and prior experience of bank robberies was not. Personal safety was found to be the largest predictor of ASD severity.
Keywords Robbery; ASD; perceived safety; trauma predictor; acute stress disorder.
Topic Non-violent crime