Does acute stress disorder predict posttraumatic stress disorder following bank robbery?

            

 

Author(s)Hansen, Maj and Ask Elklit
Title Does acute stress disorder predict posttraumatic stress disorder following bank robbery?
Source Journal of Interpersonal Violence,Jan 2013, Vol 1, pp 25-44
Date 2013
Document type Journal article
Coverage Denmark
Summary This study explores the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following bank robbery and assessed the role of acute stress disorder (ASD) in predicting the risk of PTSD. The participants in the study were 132 bank employees who had been exposed to bank robberies and they were assessed for ASD severity, PTSD severity, perceived safety and perceived social support. It was found that the estimated prevalence of PTSD, which was 6.8%, was lower than the PTSD prevalence rates of 20% to 30% found in other studies of robberies, and possible explanations for this are discussed. Female gender, presence during the robbery, prior robberies, perceived helplessness, perceived life threat and ASD severity were found to be significantly positively associated with PTSD severity. The authors conclude that the results from this study suggest that ASD predicts PTSD in a different way following a bank robbery than following sexual assault, and motor vehicle accident, for example, and suggest further research is needed on other types of nonsexual assault.
Keywords Robbery; acute stress disorder (ASD); posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); trauma; predictor.
Topic

Non-violent crime