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Victim personal statements: An analysis of notification and utilization

 

Author(s)Jeanna M. Mastrocinque
Title Victim personal statements: An analysis of notification and utilization
Source Criminology and Criminal Justice,published online before print January 2013 , pp1-19
Date 2013
Document type Journal article
Coverage United Kingdom
Summary This article explores the factors which influence whether a crime victim is informed about victim personal statements (VPS) and whether they subsequently provide a statement. Information for the study was obtained from four years of British Crime Survey data, using only cases reported to police. It was found that victims report that they are informed about VPS in less than seven per cent of the incidents and after being informed, only provide VPS in about half of the incidents. Age of the victim was found to have an effect on whether or not they were informed about a VPS, with a one year increase in the age of the victim resulting in a reduction by 1.2 per cent of the likelihood of being informed about a VPS. After being informed of the VPS there was no relationship between the victim's age and the providing a statement. It was found that additional victim characteristics, such as gender, ethnicity and socioeconomic status did not have a relationship with victims being informed about the VPS process. Offense characteristics influencing whether victims were informed about VPS and whether they made one were identified, including how serious the crime was perceived, whether the victim was injured and whether the property was stolen. Further directions for research are suggested.
Keywords Victim Personal Statements; victim impact statement; victim statements; British Crime Survey
Topic Victim impact statements