An overview of the victims' rights movement: historical, legislative, and research

Author(s)Mastrocinque, Jeanna M.
Title An overview of the victims' rights movement: historical, legislative, and research developments
Source Sociology Compass,February 2010, Vol 4, Issue 2, pp.95-110
Date 2010
Document type Journal article
Coverage USA
Summary This article provides an overview of the Victims' Rights Movement in the United States, from its early development in the 1960s, the difficulties in the late 1970s and the important milestone with the establishment of the President's Task Force on Victims of Crime in 1982. In the 1980s and 1990s the Victims' Rights Movement continued to grow, with a focus on different crime types, such as child sexual assault and domestic violence, and vulnerable crime victims such as victims with disabilities and elderly victims. Key state and federal responses to the movement are discussed. The overview also examines the current issues and controversies, including addressing the needs of victims and how to increase victims' roles in the criminal justice system without disrupting the balance of the system. A number of recommendations are given for future areas of research, including assessing victims' needs and evaluating the implementation of reforms in the criminal justice system.
Keywords Victims' rights movement; advocacy; legislation; needs.
Topic

Victims rights