The development of international policy in relation to victims of crime

 
Author(s)Groenhuijsen, Marc
Title The development of international policy in relation to victims of crime
Source International Review of Victimology,2014, Vol 20, Issue 31, pp 31-48
Date 2014
Document type Journal article
Coverage International
Summary This article discusses the development of international policy in relation to victims of crime. The United Nations Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power is discussed, including the difficulties with compliance by Member States. The Draft UN Convention on Justice and Support for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power was proposed in 2005 as a stronger legal instrument, but the author considers it is unlikely that a convention will be adopted in the near future. The Council Framework Decision on the Standing of Victims on Criminal Proceedings was adopted by the EU in 2001 and compliance issues are analysed, such as ambiguous drafting and no infringement provisions. The difficulties of victims receiving state compensation are explored, as well as special categories of victims with different needs. Despite the issues identified in a number of areas, the author concludes that over the past three decades tremendous progress has been made in supporting victims of crime.
Keywords International victims policy; United Nations Declaration; rights
Topic

Victims rights