Impact pf poly-victimization on mental health: the mediator and/or moderator role of self-esteem                

 

Author(s)Soler, Laia, Teresa Kirchner, Claudia Paretilla and Maria Forns
Title Impact of poly-victimization on mental health: the mediator and/or moderator role of self-esteem
Source Journal of Interpersonal Violence,September 2013, Vol. 28, No. 13, pp 2695-2712
Date 2013
Document type Journal article
Coverage Spain
Summary In this study the authors tested the relationships between total kinds of victimisation experienced by adolescents during their lifetime, self-esteem components and mental health issues. 736 students in Spain aged 14 to 18 participated in the study and they were administered questionnaires comprising of a socio-demographic datasheet, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, the Youth Self Report and the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire. No gender difference was found in the amount of victimisation experienced by the participants. It was found that boys reported higher levels of self-liking and self-competence and lower levels of internalising symptoms. In girls the total kinds of victimisation experienced were more strongly related to externalising rather than internalising problems. The results suggested a positive association between the total kinds of victimisation experienced and mental health outcomes and a negative association between the total kinds of victimisation and self-esteem, particularly social worth. An important conclusion from the study was that one's sense of social worth did not appear to be a mere correlate of victimisation.
Keywords Poly-victimisation; child abuse; mental health; youth; adolescents
Topic

Revictimisation