Integrating the American criminal justice and mental health service systems to focus on victimization

 

Author(s)Jennings, Wesley G, Gover, Angela R and Alex R Piquero
Title Integrating the American criminal justice and mental health service systems to focus on victimization  
Source International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 2011, Vol. 55, No. 8, pp 1272-1290 
Date 2011
Document type Journal Article 
Coverage USA 
Summary According to the researchers, most research in the area of crime and mental health tends to focus on the prevalence of mental health issues in offenders and the prison population.   Whilst this research is important, the article suggests that there should be a stronger focus on the mental health and well being of others affected by crime, arguing that the impact of crime related trauma presents a significant public health problem.   The researchers suggest that the fields of criminal justice and mental health care, with their disparate focuses on punishment and treatment respectively, should be better integrated.   A holistic approach to service delivery, if achievable despite practical and financial barriers to integration, would provide a number of significant benefits to affected individuals and the criminal justice and mental health systems.
Keywords Mental health; well-being; treatment; support; impact; criminal justice
Topic Service delivery; Psychological effects & treatment; Victimisation