Restorative justice cases in Scotland: Factors related to participation, the restorative process, agreement rates and forms of reparation

Author(s)Kirkwood, Steve
Title Restorative justice cases in Scotland: Factors related to participation, the restorative process, agreement rates and forms of reparation
Source European Journal of Criminology; 7 (2) pp 107-132; 2010
Date 2010
Document type Journal article
Coverage Scotland
Summary This study examined data from referrals for three Restorative Justice (Diversion) Services in Scotland from a four-year period between 2003 and 2007. The author tested a number of hypotheses, based on the restorative justice framework suggested by Gehm (1998). The results found, for example, that service users were more likely to participate if the offence was vandalism, rather than a minor assault. It was suggested that potential costs and benefits are important in determining whether people participate and in vandalism cases there is a lower risk of psychological trauma with a high chance of a positive benefit, through financial reparation. Another result was that participation was more likely if the offender did not have a history of offending. The author suggests future research could examine the circumstances of potential service users in terms of their ability to engage in the restorative process and the influence of support people.
Keywords Restorative; youth; conferences; participation; reparation.
Topic Restorative justice