Retributive and restorative justice: Importance of crime severity and shared identity in people's justice responses

Author(s)Gromet, Dena M., and Darley, John M.
Title Retributive and restorative justice: Importance of crime severity and shared identity in people's justice responses
Source Australian Journal of Psychology, Vol. 61, No. 1, March 2009, pp. 50-57
Date 2009
Document type Journal article
Summary This article considers retributive and restorative justice and the factors that influence which justice outcome people desire. The research regarding crime severity and social identity is reviewed. One finding from the crime severity research is that at low levels of severity people feel that restoration achieves justice but as the severity of the crime increases people have an intuitive desire to punish the offender. The shared identity research finds that people's desire for restoration or retribution is dependent on the shared identity between the offender and the victim and if people do not share an identity with the offender or if they feel there is a strong group consensus about the value in question, they believe retribution is appropriate. This article suggests further research is needed, including research into how crime severity and shared identity may interact and how they may be independent factors.
Keywords Restorative justice; retribution; crime severity; goals; psychological investigations
Topic Restorative justice