From a court orientation to a victim orientation: the paradigm shift in Israel's Juvenile Probation Service

        

 

Author(s)Yanay, Uri and Allan Borowski
Title From a court orientation to a victim orientation: the paradigm shift in Israel's Juvenile Probation Service
Source European Journal of Criminology, November 2013, Vol 10, No.6, pp 675-689
Date 2013
Document type Journal article
Summary This article examines the introduction of Victim Offender Mediation (VOM) into Israel's Juvenile Probation Service (JPS). In Israel VOM started locally in Beer Sheba in 1992 and by 2004 all youth probation officers could formally recommend diversion of cases to VOM. In 2011 the incorporation of restorative justice in the youth justice system was formally legislated. It was found that the introduction of VOM had major implications for the JPS, who had in the past focused on serving the courts and caring for young suspects and convicted youths. A problem for probation officers, who were all trained social workers, was incorporating victims' experiences when working with young offenders as they had as a rule prescribed to non-judgemental attitudes when handling cases. Balancing the rights and interests of young offenders with those of the victims was also a challenge. A number of other ongoing challenges in arranging VOM conferences are identified, including cases where a number of youths allegedly committed an offence but only some accept responsibility or a case in which one youth may have victimised a number of people. Parties in a VOM conference from very different social groups can also be a challenge.
Keywords Restorative justice; mediation; conferences; youth; juvenile probation; Israel
Topic

Restorative justice

 

 

​