Examining the effectiveness of a restorative justice program for various types of juvenile offenders

 

Author(s)Bergseth, Kathleen J. and Jeffrey A. Bouffard
Title Examining the effectiveness of a restorative justice program for various types of juvenile offenders
Source International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, Sept 2013, Vol. 57, No 9, pp 1054-1075.
Date 2013
Document type Journal article
Coverage USA
Summary This study examines whether restorative justice (RJ) programs for juvenile offenders have different impacts on recidivism across various offender characteristics, such as age, gender, offending history and current offense type. The study sample consisted of 352 youths referred to a RJ program and these were compared with a sample of similar youths who were referred for traditional juvenile justice. The most serious charge for most youth in the RJ sample was a property-related charge although youth in the comparison group were more likely to have experienced more violent charges. It was found that youth who were referred to the RJ program remained offence-free significantly longer than similar youths referred to traditional juvenile court. In particular, youth who were referred to RJ at a younger age, 14 years and younger, remained offence-free for significantly longer periods that youth referred to traditional processing. Positive results across various groups of youth suggest that RJ may be appropriate for a broader population of youths than is the case in other jurisdictions and the authors suggest RJ is effective in reducing recidivism for older youths, those with prior offenses and those with violent crimes.
Keywords Restorative justice; youth; recidivism; juvenile justice; young offenders
Topic Restorative justice