Exploring the female specific risk to partial and full PTSD following physical assault

Author(s)Betts, Kim Steven, Gail M. Williams, Jacob M. Najman, and Rosa Alati
Title Exploring the female specific risk to partial and full PTSD following physical assault
Source Journal of Traumatic Stress,2013, Vol. 26, pp 86-93
Date 2013
Document type Journal article
Coverage Queensland, Australia
Summary This study explores whether there is an increased risk to PTSD following physical assault in females compared with males. The sample for the study was taken from the MUSP longitudinal birth cohort, with the original sample consisting of all pregnant mothers attending a Brisbane hospital between 1981 and 1984. At the 21 year follow up the offspring completed the Composite International Diagnostic Interview, which included diagnoses of DSMIV PTSD. Of those participants it was found that 1,318 had experienced trauma. The results showed that the risk of trauma experience was higher in those employed in manual jobs and increased as maternal alcohol consumption increased and income decreased. Males were more likely to be exposed to trauma than females and the risk of trauma experience increased with age. However, despite the overall rate of trauma being higher among males, females were at a greater risk of developing both partial and full PTSD. The limitations to the study were noted, including the reliance on retrospective reports of trauma exposure and PTSD symptoms.
Keywords Trauma; PTSD; exposure; longitudinal study
Topic Psychological effects and treatment