Prevalence and predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder among victims of violence applying for state compensation

 

Author(s)

Kunst, Maarten, Frans Willem Winkey and Stefan Bogaerts
Title Prevalence and predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder among victims of violence applying for state compensation
Source Journal of Interpersonal Violence, September 2010, Vol. 25, No 9, pp 1631-1654
Date 2010
Document type Journal article
Coverage The Netherlands
Summary

The aims of this study were to assess the prevalence of PTSD among a sample of victims who had filed a claim with the Dutch Victim Compensation Fund and to explore whether current PTSD could be predicted from data available in the Fund's database. Data was extracted from the database and sorted into four domains, relating to the act of violence, the perpetrator, medical expenses and compensation awarded or refused. Eligible participants were invited to complete a set of questionnaires that measured current PTSD symptom levels and recalled peritraumatic distress. It was found that approximately half of the victims applying for compensation still had PTSD many years after victimisation and claim settlement. Factors of age, female gender, time since victimisation, acquaintance with the perpetrator, hospitalisation from the violence, and being granted compensation for immaterial damage were significant in predicting the likelihood of the victim requiring support for PTSD. It is suggested by the authors that compensation funds can be used as sources of referral, using the identified key PTSD risk factors to provide a file-based screening process.

Keywords PTSD; mental health; violence exposure; compensation.
Topic

Psychological effects and treatment ; children