Anger and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in crime victims: a longitudinal analysis

Author(s)Orth, Ulrich, Davis, Cahill, Shawn P., Foa, Edna B., and Andreas Maercker,
Title Anger and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in crime victims: a longitudinal analysis
Source Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2008, Vol. 76, No. 2, 208-218
Date 2008
Document type Journal article
Coverage USA
Summary This study explored the temporal sequence of anger and PTSD symptoms for crime victims who had experienced assault. Some of the questions considered were whether anger increases as a function of PTSD symptoms or whether PTSD symptoms increase as a function of anger. This research analysed two longitudinal data sets of crime victims. Cross-lagged regression analyses indicated that PTSD symptoms predicted subsequent anger and in contrast anger did not predict subsequent PTSD symptoms. The effects of PTSD symptoms on anger were significant and indicated a small to medium effect size. The authors suggest that the results of this research provide a basis for the advancement of theories about the relation between anger and PTSD. It is suggested that recovery from PTSD entails recovery from posttraumatic stress anger and anger may be important to target in treatment.
Keywords Trauma; posttraumatic stress disorder; PTSD; anger
Topic Psychological affects and treatment