Interventions for trauma-related emotional disturbances in adult victims of crime

Author(s)Hembree, Elizabeth, and Foa, Edna
Title Interventions for trauma-related emotional disturbances in adult victims of crime
Source Journal of Traumatic Stress, Vol. 16, No. 2, April 2003, pp. 187-199.
Date 2003
Document type Journal article
Summary This paper discusses mental health utilisation among adult crime victims, suggesting only a minority seek treatment. Research regarding early intervention programs is considered and although overall studies indicate that trauma survivors reported satisfaction with debriefing programs there is little evidence that early intervention prevents subsequent trauma-related psychopathology. The concept of PTSD is outlined, followed by discussion of treatment therapies, such as exposure therapy, stress inoculation training, cognitive therapy and EMDR. Outcome studies in the literature are assessed, including the pharmacological treatment outcomes for PTSD. The paper concludes by summarising some of the literature findings regarding the treatment of PTSD and offers some advice for therapists, such as the importance of gaining the crime victim's trust and convincingly conveying the idea that the treatment will work.
Keywords Trauma; PTSD; posttraumatic stress disorder; exposure therapy; cognitive therapy; stress inoculation training; multicultural issues.
Topic Psychological effects and treatment