Psychological, psychiatric and behavioural outcomes for people with an intellectual disability who are victims of crime

Author(s)Hayes, Susan
Title Psychological, psychiatric and behavioural outcomes for people with an intellectual disability who are victims of crime
Source Interaction (Canberra), v.22, no.4, 2009, pp.20-28
Date 2009
Document type Journal article
Coverage Australia
Summary This study investigated the effects of violence on victims of crime with an intellectual disability (ID). The sample consisted of 92 victims of crime referred for psychological assessment relating to an application for victim's compensation, including 15 victims with IQ scores below 70. The results showed that psychiatric morbidity appeared to be hidden or unable to be expressed by many of the victims with ID. An interesting finding was that the symptoms of PTSD were common in both the group with ID and the non-ID participants. It is expected that once accurate diagnosis of psychological and psychiatric disorders in this group is improved, through greater awareness and training for mental health professionals, more similarities will be more apparent. A concern was the low rate in both groups of the current use of services to alleviate psychological symptoms as a result of the crime. The author suggests that further research into the effects of victimisation on people with ID is needed, including larger samples and longitudinal studies.
Keywords Intellectual disability; ID: compensation; disabled victims; psychological outcomes
Topic Psychological effects and treatment