Factors associated with chronicity in posttraumatic stress disorder: a prospective analysis of a national sample of women                

 
Author(s)Cougle, Jesse R.
Title Factors associated with chronicity in posttraumatic stress disorder: A prospective analysis of a national sample of women
Source Psychological Trauma Theory, Research, Practice and Policy,January 2013, Vol 5, No 1, pp 43-49
Date
Document type Journal article
Coverage United States
Summary The main aim of this study was to examine baseline predictors of PTSD chronicity using a prospective research design. Data for the study was obtained from a longitudinal telephone survey, the National Women's Study, and participants were selected who met the criteria of reporting PTSD within the last six months, and then 1 year and 2 year follow up assessments were made. The results showed that the number of baseline PTSD re-experiencing symptoms, rape history, and history of childhood physical assault were all found to predict PTSD chronicity 2 years later. History of childhood assault was a particularly strong predictor of chronicity. Chronic cases were also more likely to experience subsequent exposure to potentially traumatic stressors not involving interpersonal violence. It was also found that, contrary to expectations, binge drinking and poorer perceived health did not predict chronicity. The author recommends that assessing identified risk factors can assist practitioners treating women with PTSD
Keywords PTSD; posttraumatic stress disorder; chronicity; risk factors
Topic Psychological effects and treatment